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ID 39752
file
creator
subject
nitrogen
periphyton
wastewater treatment plant
nitrification
ammonium nitrogen
TN
river
NDC
Pollution. Environmental engineering
abstract
To evaluate the importance of periphyton to nitrogen dynamics in the discharge from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), we examined changes in total and inorganic nitrogen content downstream from a WWTP on the Kurose River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. At 0.7 km downstream of the WWTP (point A), NH4+-N was the dominant form of inorganic nitrogen, but concentrations decreased rapidly to 5 km downstream (point B). In contrast, no significant change in the [NO2– + NO3–]-N concentration was observed between the two points. Total nitrogen (TN) load decreased significantly between the two points, suggesting that sorption and/or denitrification occurred in the river channel. Potential rates of nitrogen sorption and transformation by periphyton were determined in a laboratory experiment in which changes in the nitrogen content of river water were examined in an acrylic chamber with periphyton. Nitrification and nitrogen removal occurred mainly in the periphyton. The contributions of periphyton activity to TN and NH4+-N decrease in the field, as estimated from the results of the laboratory experiments, were 6%–18% and 23%–72%, respectively. These results suggest that periphyton plays an important role in decreasing NH4+-N concentration in the discharge from wastewater treatment plants.
journal title
River Research and Applications
volume
Volume 25
issue
Issue 2
start page
229
end page
235
date of issued
2008-08-26
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
issn
1535-1467
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
(c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: "Periphyton contribution to nitrogen dynamics in the discharge from a wastewater treatment plant", which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1002/rra.1186 . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
relation is version of URL
http://doi.org/10.1002/rra.1186
department
Institute for Peace Science
Graduate School of Biosphere Science