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ID 28862
file
creator
Goto, Chikara
Soga, Junko
Nakamura, Shuji
Fujii, Yuichi
Hata, Takaki
Idei, Naomi
Fujimura, Noritaka
Taguchi, Akira
subject
Periodontitis
Coronary artery disease
Endothelial function
Inflammation
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Objective: Several studies have shown that periodontitis is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. There is an association between inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who had periodontitis. Methods and results: We evaluated forearm blood flow (FBF) responses to acetylcholine (ACh), an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, and to sodium nitroprusside (SNP), an endothelium-independent vasodilator, in 101 CAD patients with periodontitis (37 men and 11 women, 63 +/- 12 yr) and without periodontitis (36 men and 17 women, 62 +/- 13 yr). FBF was measured by using strain-gauge plethysmography. Circulating levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the non-periodontitis group. FBF response to ACh was significantly smaller in the periodontitis group than in the non-periodontitis group. SNP-stimulated vasodilation was similar in the two groups. Periodontal therapy reduced serum concentrations of C-reactive protein from 2.7 +/- 1.9 to 1.8 +/- 0.9 mg/L (P < 0.05) and interleukin-6 from 2.6 +/- 3.4 to 1.6 +/- 2.6 ng/L (P < 0.05) and augmented ACh-induced vasodilation from 14.7 +/- 5.2 to 20.1 +/- 6.1 mL/(min 100 mL) tissue (P < 0.05) in patients with periodontitis. The SNP-stimulated vasodilation was similar before and after treatment. After administration of NG-monomethyl-l-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, FBF response to ACh was similar before and after treatment. Conclusion: These findings suggest that periodontitis is associated with endothelial dysfunction in patients with CAD through a decrease in nitric oxide bioavailability. Systemic inflammation may be, at least in part, a cause and predictor of progression of endothelial dysfunction.
journal title
Atheroscierosis
volume
Volume 206
issue
Issue 2
start page
604
end page
610
date of issued
2009-10
publisher
Elsevier Ireland Ltd
issn
0021-9150
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science