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ID 21533
file
creator
Kumei, Yasuhiro
Takeda, Sinichi
Kataoka, Katsuko
subject
osteoblasts
3D clinostat
simulating microgravity
MARK
p38
SAPK/JNK
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
A three-dimensional (3D) clinostat is a device for multidirectional G force generation. By controlled rotation of two axes, a 3D clinostat cancels the cumulative gravity vector at the center of the device and produces an environment with an average of 10^-3 G over time. We cultured a human osteoblast cell line in a 3D clinostat and examined the growth properties and differentiation of the cells, including morphology, histological detection of calcification, and mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. In a normal 1G condition, alkaline phosphatase (AIPase) activity was detected on day 7 of culture, bone nodules were formed on day 12, and calcium deposits were seen on day 20. In the 3D clinostat, the cell looked larger and bulged. AIPase activity was detected on day 10 of culture. However, neither bone nodules nor calcification was found in the 3D clinostat up to day 21. The expression levels of core-binding factor A1 (a transcription factor for bone formation) and osteocalcin (a bone matrix protein) increased in the control culture but decreased in culture in 3D clinostat. Phosphorylation of p38^MARK (p38) was repressed in culture in 3D clinostat, whereas total p38 as well as total and phosphorylated forms of extracellular signal-regulated kinases and stress-activated protein kinase/jun N-terminal kinase were not changed in the 3D clinostat. When a p38 inhibitor, SB 203580, was added to the culture medium in a normal 1 G environment, AIPase activity and formation of bone nodules and calcium deposits were strongly inhibited. On the other hand, they were inhibited only partially by a MARK kinase inhibitor, U-0126. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that (1) osteoblast differentiation is inhibited in culture in a 3D clinostat and (2) this inhibition is mainly due to the suppression of p38 phophorylation.
journal title
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal
volume
Volume 39
issue
Issue 1-2
start page
89
end page
97
date of issued
2007-05-05
publisher
Springer
issn
1071-2690
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2007 Springer-Verlag. "The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com"
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1290/1543-706X(2003)039<0089:CDAPCA>2.0.CO;2
department
Graduate School of Health Science