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ID 34961
file
creator
Hidaka, Ikuhiro
Kurokawa, Hiromi
Yuge, Osafumi
subject
Ventricular myocytes
Beta-adrenergic signaling pathway
Adenylyl cyclase
Barbiturates
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
The effects of intravenous anesthetics on myocytes have not been fully elucidated. To investigate the effects of various intravenous anesthetics such as fentanyl, morphine, ketamine, diazepam, midazolam, thiamylal, and thiopental on the beta-adrenergic signaling pathway, we measured isoproterenol-stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in freshly isolated rat ventricular myocytes. Fentanyl, morphine, ketamine, diazepam, and midazolam did not significantly affect isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP production. However, thiamylal and thiopental dose-dependently decreased cAMP production stimulated by isoproterenol or by forskolin, a direct adenylyl cyclase stimulator. In addition, we examined the role of protein kinase C (PKC) as a potential mediator of the thiamylal- or thiopentalinduced effects on cAMP production using bisindolylmaleimide I, a non-specific PKC inhibitor. Bisindolylmaleimide I did not alter the inhibitory effects of thiamylal or thiopental. Thiamylal and thiopental significantly decreased isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP production by suppressing the adenylyl cyclase. We conclude that barbiturates such as thiamylal and thiopental decrease isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP production by suppressing the adenylyl cyclase through PKC-independent mechanisms.
journal title
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
Volume 58
issue
Issue 1
start page
9
end page
15
date of issued
2009-03
publisher
Hiroshima University Medical Press
issn
0018-2052
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
(c) Hiroshima University Medical Press.
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
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