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ID 15041
file
creator
Onimatsu, Hideki
Van Etten, James L.
subject
Chlorella viruses
PBCV-1
virion structure
gene expression
genome rearrangements
polysaccharide synthesis and degradation
NDC
Biology
abstract
Chlorella viruses or chloroviruses are large, icosahedral, plaque-forming, double-stranded-DNA-containing viruses that replicate in certain strains of the unicellular green alga Chlorella. DNA sequence analysis of the 330-kbp genome of Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus 1 (PBCV-1), the prototype of this virus family (Phycodnaviridae), predict ∼366 protein-encoding genes and 11 tRNA genes. The predicted gene products of ∼500f these genes resemble proteins of known function, including many that are completely unexpected for a virus. In addition, the chlorella viruses have several features and encode many gene products that distinguish them from most viruses. These products include: (1) multiple DNA methyltransferases and DNA site-specific endonucleases, (2) the enzymes required to glycosylate their proteins and synthesize polysaccharides such as hyaluronan and chitin, (3) a virus-encoded K+ channel (called Kcv) located in the internal membrane of the virions, (4) a SET domain containing protein (referred to as vSET) that dimethylates Lys27 in histone 3, and (5) PBCV-1 has three types of introns; a self-splicing intron, a spliceosomal processed intron, and a small tRNA intron. Accumulating evidence indicates that the chlorella viruses have a very long evolutionary history. This review mainly deals with research on the virion structure, genome rearrangements, gene expression, cell wall degradation, polysaccharide synthesis, and evolution of PBCV-1 as well as other related viruses.
journal title
Advances in Virus Research
volume
Volume 65
start page
293
end page
336
date of issued
2006
publisher
Elsevier Inc.
issn
0065-3527
ncid
publisher doi
pubmed id
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc.
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-3527(06)66006-5
department
Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter