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ID 45348
file
title alternative
Preliminary Survey to Establish Indicator for Screening of Primary School-age Children Who Require Welfare Assistance
creator
Sakurai, Kaoru
Hosohara, Kenichi
Yamasaki, Kenji
subject
要保護児童
児童虐待
行動特徴
スクリーニング
質問紙調査
Welfare assistance
Child abuse and neglect
Characteristic behavior
Screening
Questionnaire
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
小学校において被虐待児にみられる行動特徴から要保護児童をスクリーニングできる質問紙を作成するために,教職員にとって判断が容易で信頼性の高い回答が得られる項目を厳選するための基礎調査を行った。64名の小学校の教職員に,35項目からなる同じ内容の質問紙に2週間の間隔をあけ, 2回回答してもらった結果を照合し,質問内容の判断の容易さ回答の再現性,および文章表現について検討した。
1. 学校現場で教職員が判断するのが難しい質問項目は,「トイレの後に手を洗わない」,「行事の時の弁当が手作り弁当ではない」,「保護者と目を合わさず,おどおどする」,「家族関係に変化があった」,「年齢にそぐわない性的な言動がみられる」,「病気になっても病院に行かない」,および「過度な警戒心を持つ」であった。
2. 回答の信頼性の低い質問項目は「やせすぎている」,「行事の時の弁当が手作り弁当ではない」,「よく教室から離れる」,および「保護者と目を合わさず,おどおどする」であった。
3. 表現が不適切であると指摘された質間項目は「時々嘘をつく」,「友達をいじめる」,および「集団になじめないところがある」であった。
今後は,上記の質問項目を除いた質問項目からなる質問紙を作成し,実際に児童を対象とした調査を行い,要保護児童のスクリーニング指標としての有効性について検証する必要があると考えられる。
abstract
We conducted a survey to select questions that teachers could easily and reliably answer as part of a basic research project to create a questionnaire based on characteristic behaviors exhibited by abused children at primary school for screening of those who may need welfare assistance. Questionnaires comprised of 35 items were sent to 64 primary school teachers, with the same questionnaire sent again 2 weeks later. Responses to both were compared to examine ease of assessing the contents of the questions, reproducibility of the responses, and written expressions.
1) Items that teachers found difficult to assess at school were "Does not wash hands after using the toilet," "Does not bring homemade lunch to events," "Does not meet guardian's eyes; appears apprehensive," "Has experienced a change in familial relations," "Uses sexual speech and behavior that is not age appropriate," "Does not see a doctor despite being sick," and "Is excessively wary."
2) Items that showed responses with low reliability were "ls too thin," "Does not bring homemade lunch to events," "Is often absent from the classroom," and "Does not meet guardian's eyes; appears apprehensive."
3) Items indicated to use inappropriate expressions were "Sometimes tells lies," "ls bullied by friends," and "Does not fit in with group in some ways."
Next, use of a questionnaire that does not include the above items should be done with actual children to examine its effectiveness as an indicator for screening children who require welfare assistance.
journal title
小児歯科学雑誌
volume
Volume 56
issue
Issue 1
start page
33
end page
41
date of issued
2018
publisher
日本小児歯科学会
issn
0583-1199
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 Authors, 日本小児歯科学会
department
University Medical Hospital
Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences