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ID 37502
file
title alternative
Effects of mismatch of internal tempo and external tempo on walking and emotions <Article>
creator
Sonohata, Azumi
subject
internal tempo
external tempo
walking
emotion
NDC
Psychology
abstract
A music tempo that does not correspond with a walking tempo results in an experience of difficulty in walking and generates unpleasant internal feelings. It has been posited that walking tempo is an internal tempo and that music tempo is an external one. We evaluated how participants felt when their internal tempo did not correspond with their external tempo. We also studied their internal tempo's influence on their walking. Twenty undergraduate students participated in the experiment. They walked on a treadmill and adjusted the speed so as to walk at the most comfortable speed. Participants' pleasure, relaxation, and anxiety while walking with or without sounds of metronome, the tempo of which was 50, 90, 140, or 180 beats per minute, were evaluated by MCL-S.2 scale. Results showed that participants felt more pleasant and relaxed when their internal and external tempos were in agreement. Conversely, participants felt more anxious when the tempos did not correspond. Walk tempo did not significantly vary with the external metronome tempo. Some factors which obscure the effects of external tempo are discussed.
journal title
Hiroshima Psychological Research
issue
Issue 14
start page
129
end page
139
date of issued
2015-03-31
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
issn
1347-1619
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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