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ID 32251
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title alternative
The Indian 'Civilization' Mission Schools in the 1820s : A Case Study of the Chickasaw Indian Tribe
creator
Iwasaki, Yoshitaka
NDC
General history of North America
abstract
The idea of 'civilization' of the American Indian meant the promotion of education in the white men's way, especially in the areas of agriculture, domestic and mechanic arts, and spreading of Christianity among the 'savage' Indians in the hope that they might become adapted to Anglo-American culture. Such efforts were also based on the supposition that the Indians would cede their vast lands for hunting to land-hungry white men after the Indians were turned into farmers hoIding small private land and abandoned surplus lands.

In 1819, the US government enacted the Indian Civilization Law, which provided appropriation of funds for the benevolent societies which were to teach the Indians to be civilized. Protestant missionaries, who received an annual fund, founded mission schools among the Indian tribes in 1820s.

The object of this paper is to examine the impact of the Indian civilization mission schools on the tribes in the 1820s, with special emphasis on the case of the Chickasaw Indian tribe. It appears that civilization might have been possible if it was made in the interests of the tribe's sense of values, but not under a system based on the white men's self-satisfaction stemming from European values. This civilization was also made possible by the mixed-blood tribesmen's quest for tribal leadership by utilizing the Government's civilization fund.

Thus, if the Chickasaws looked civilized, it did not necessarily mean that civilization had the effect of assimilating Indians into American society.
journal title
Studies in European and American Culture
issue
Issue 4
start page
21
end page
37
date of issued
1997-10-01
publisher
広島大学大学院社会科学研究科国際社会論専攻
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Social Sciences
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