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ID 46497
file
creator
Chuon, Channarena
Svay, Somana
Lim, Olline
Nagashima, Shintaro
Yamamoto, Chikako
Ko, Ko
Fujii, Hiroko
Goto, Noboru
Fujimoto, Mayumi
Sato, Tomoki
subject
school health check-ups
schoolchildren
Cambodia
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Background: In Cambodia, there is no national health check-ups system for the schoolchildren and the general population. This pilot study aimed to promote a school health check-ups system in collaboration with the government of Cambodia.
Method: From 2016 to 2017, we conducted a survey in an elementary school in Siem Reap province, Cambodia. Two hundred and ninety-two students were eligible for data analysis. Physical examination, questionnaire and urinalysis were conducted using the Japanese school health check-ups model. Anthropometry was measured using the World Health Organization’s growth reference data for school-age children.
Results: Among 292 schoolchildren, 88.7% were diagnosed as healthy. Based on the evaluation criteria of health examination in the study, two (0.7%) students with rale, one (0.3%) student with abnormal urinalysis, and another 27 students complaining of cardiopulmonary symptoms were recommended for further consultation at hospital. The prevalence of overweight (15.1%) was higher than that of underweight (8.6%). According to parents’ questionnaires responses, the coverage rate of the National Immunization Program varied from 41.8% to 79.8% depending on each particular vaccine.
Conclusion: In this pilot study, we showed the prevalence of healthy among Cambodian schoolchildren and detected the students having possibility of health problem through this health check-ups and then recommended for further hospital visit. Based on the results, we assume that health check-ups system in elementary school as a whole Cambodia will be effective to assess the current health status in ordinary time and possibility of early detection of disease.
journal title
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
Volume 67
issue
Issue 3
start page
83
end page
92
date of issued
2018-09
publisher
Hiroshima University Medical Press
issn
0018-2052
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 Hiroshima University Medical Press
department
Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences
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