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ID 30789
file
creator
Nakayama, Keiko
Kato, Tomohisa, Jr
Karin, Michael
subject
SIGNALING
CELLCYCLE
PROTEINS
NDC
Biology
abstract
Proinflammatory cytokines activate NF-κB using the IκB kinase (IKK) complex that phosphorylates inhibitory proteins (IκBs) at N-terminal sites resulting in their ubiquitination and degradation in the cytoplasm. Although ultraviolet (UV) irradiation does not lead to IKK activity, it activates NF-κB by an unknown mechanism through IκBα degradation without N-terminal phosphorylation. Here, we describe an adaptor function of nuclear IKKβ in UV-induced IκBα degradation. UV irradiation induces the nuclear translocation of IκBα and association with IKKβ, which constitutively interacts with β-TrCP through heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein-U (hnRNP-U) leading to IκBα ubiquitination and degradation. Furthermore, casein kinase 2 (CK2) and p38 associate with IKKβ and promote IκBα degradation by phosphorylation at C-terminal sites. Thus, nuclear IKKβ acts as an adaptor protein for IκBα degradation in UV-induced NF-κB activation. NF-κB activated by the nuclear IKKβ adaptor protein suppresses anti-apoptotic gene expression and promotes UV-induced cell death.
journal title
Molecular Cell
volume
Volume 39
issue
Issue 4
start page
570
end page
582
date of issued
2010-08-27
publisher
Cell Press
issn
1097-2765
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science