学習システム研究 Issue 1
2015-03-31 発行

中国語を母語とする日本語学習者における日本語漢字単語の学習過程 : 中日2言語間の形態・音韻類似性による影響

The Process of Learning Japanese Kanji (Chinese character) Words in Chinese-Native Learners of the Japanese Language : Effects of Orthographical and Phonological Similarities between the Chinese and the Japanese Languages
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abstract
The current study examined the process of learning Chinese character words in Chinese and Japanese of Chinese-native learners of the Japanese language. We estimated the learner’s learning process by examining the process of Chinese character words. We conducted 2 experiments while manipulating the degrees of orthographical and phonological similarities. Experiment 1 used a two by two factorial design with presentation language (first language, and second language) and orthographical similarity (high and low), and Experiment 2 used a two by two factorial design with presentation language (First and second language) and phonological similarity (high and low). These experiments suggested the following: (1)Words with high orthographical similarity have similar processing both in the first and the second language regardless of the learner’s proficiency levels of the Japanese language, (2)learners with low proficiency had more active phonological representations of the native language that affected the processing of words, while learners with high proficiency had more active phonological representations of the second language that affected the processing of words. In learners of the Japanese language whose native language is Chinese, discrimination between the orthographical information of the Chinese and the Japanese languages was easy, while instant discrimination between the phonological information of the two languages was more difficult. The study elucidated that Chinese native speakers utilize both orthographical and phonological representations in their native Chinese language in learning Japanese kanji characters. The results indicate the importance of being keenly aware of the learning process where learners read Japanese kanji words using Chinese phonology.
description
本論文は,Theory and Research for Developing Learning Systems, Vol.1 所収の英語論文 “The Process of Learning Japanese Kanji (Chinese character) Words in Chinese-Native Learners of the Japanese Language” の日本語訳論文である。
subject
漢字単語
形態類似性
音韻類似性
処理過程
習得過程
Kanji Words of Chinese and Japanese
Orthographical Similarity
Phonological Similarity
Word Recognition
Learning Process
rights
Copyright (c) 2015 学習システム促進研究センター