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ID 46752
file
title alternative
Helping Speakers to Gain a Deeper Understanding After Explanation when Speaking a Second Language
creator
Yang, Jianing
subject
explanation
second language
support method
他者説明
第二言語
支援方法
NDC
Education
abstract
Recent studies have shown that giving an explanation improves the speaker’s comprehension when they use their mother tongue. However, this effect is insignificant when they use a second language (L2). This study explores an effective support method that aims to help L2 speakers to get a deeper understanding of the subject after explaining it to a peer. Twenty-nine Chinese international university students participated by reading a statistical dispersion text written in Japanese. They were then asked to explain the text in Japanese to their peer. The students were put into four groups for comparison: i.e., (1) the control group received no prompt before reading (n=10); (2) the content support group were given prompts before reading that aimed to provide an explanation of the contents (n=7); (3) the structural support group were given prompts before reading that aimed to provide a structured explanation (n=6); and (4) the content and structural support group were given prompts about content and structure (n=6). The results showed that methods (3) and (4) were more effective, while method (2) had a limited effect on improving understanding. A protocol analysis of the explanations showed that better explanations could be made under supportive conditions. These results demonstrate the necessity of providing support for L2 speakers to get a deeper understanding after explaining a concept to a peer.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development
issue
Issue 67
start page
47
end page
55
date of issued
2018-12-21
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5546
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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