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ID 44786
file
title alternative
What Information Do Japanese Learners Pay Attention to When Reading: An Experimental Analysis on Eye-tracking during Oral Reading
creator
Wang, Xiaowei
Jha, Bulbul
Yanamoto, Daichi
subject
Japanese learners
reading
instruction
working memory capacity
eye-tracking
日本語学習者
読解
教示
作動記憶容量
視線追跡
NDC
Education
abstract
Conventional studies on the reading processes of Japanese learners have based their results on the scores of post-reading tests. However, these tests only measure the reading process via an offline method and thus do not reflect the cognitive aspect of the reading process. Therefore, this study investigated an online cognitive process of oral reading by Chinese students learning Japanese by measuring eye movements during reading. The independent variables were the type of instruction and working memory capacity. There were two types of instructions: those based on content comprehension and those on reading speed. The dependent variables were the post-reading test score, reading time, total fixation time and fixation time for important idea units. The eye-movement measurement results showed that the type of instruction affected the reading process, thus affecting overall comprehension, as shown in the post-reading test scores. When compared with the reading speed instructions, the content comprehension instructions produced a greater improvement in attention to details, which was reflected in a longer reading time, total fixation time and fixation time for important idea units. Furthermore, the effect of working memory capacity differed according to the types of instructions. Learners with larger working memory capacity paid more attention to detail in the content comprehension instruction group, with a longer reading time and paying greater attention to important details.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 66
start page
119
end page
127
date of issued
2017-12-22
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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