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ID 35687
file
title alternative
Application processes of judgmental heuristic in intuitive probability judgment
creator
Minami, Manabu
subject
intuitive probability judgment
judgmental heuristics
application processes of judgmental heuristic
individuated-orientation theory
subjects' interpretation of task-situation
NDC
Psychology
abstract
Tversky & Kahneman (1974) offered an explanation that in intuitive probability judgment people use judgmental heuristics which are applied easily, but which sometimes lead to errors. The present paper focused on the application processes of judgmental heuristics. It shows that from a review of previous findings it is difficult to explain preference of the judgmental heuristics in terms of cognitive parsimony (Tversky & Kahneman, 1974), and introduced a new the individuated-orientation theory (Minami, in preparation). The theory accounts for the base-rate neglect from a view-point of subjects' understanding of the task -situation, and consists with previous findings on the base-rate neglect. According to the theory, the so-called fallacies in probability judgment emerged not because of limitations to human cognitive resources, but rather because of his high ability to understand the task-situation
journal title
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Psychology division
issue
Issue 45
start page
75
end page
81
date of issued
1996
publisher
広島大学教育学部
issn
0919-8652
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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