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ID 31114
file
title alternative
How Watching a Speaker Helps L2 Listening Comprehension : Its Effectiveness and Learners' Feedback
creator
NDC
Education
abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent to which watching a speaker on a monitor screen improves listening comprehension in a second/foreign language. One hundred and twenty-four Japanese university students participated in the study and listened to three-minute lectures under three different conditions: (1) listening to the talk while watching the speaker three times ("audio-visual 3" condition), (2) listening to the talk without watching a speaker three times ("audio-only 3" condition), and (3) listening to the talk while watching the speaker two times ("audio-visual 2" condition). Under the "audio-visual 3" condition, the students obtained better scores in listening comprehension tests than the students under the other two conditions. The data were then analyzed by dividing the participating students in each condition into two groups based on their English listening proficiency. Watching a speaker promoted understanding regardless of the students' English proficiency, and the students under the "audio-visual 2" condition got similar scores to those under the "audio-only 3" condition when comprehending the short lectures; no significant difference was found between the "audio-only 3" and the "audio-visual 2" conditions. A questionnaire was also passed to the students to find out how they feel and what they think about watching a speaker when listening in their L2. The results show a positive desire for having more audio-visual listening materials in L2 classrooms in addition to audio-only ones. The findings in this study suggest that providing visual information by allowing the students to watch a speaker improves L2 listening comprehension, even if there are no visual clues to the content of the talk, and that teachers can reduce the amount of time that students work on some listening materials in class.
journal title
Hiroshima Studies in Language and Language Education
issue
Issue 14
start page
1
end page
16
date of issued
2011-03-01
publisher
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
issn
1347-0892
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2011 広島大学外国語教育研究センター
department
Institute for Foreign Language Research and Education
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