このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 30125
file
creator
Hattori, Noboru
Tanimoto, Takuya
Furonaka, Makoto
Ishikawa, Nobuhisa
Yokoyama, Akihito
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Background and aim: There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is involved in the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. In fact, PAI-1 knockout mice are protected from bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. This study was conducted to determine whether the intrapulmonary administration of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting PAI-1 (PAI-1-siRNA) limits the development of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

Methods: Lung biopsies from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) were stained for PAI-1. The distribution of siRNA in the lung, the PAI-1 level in bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluid and the extent of fibrotic changes in the lung were evaluated following the intranasal administration of PAI-1-siRNA in a mouse model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The effect of PAI-1-siRNA on the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) was also evaluated using a mouse lung epithelial cell line, LA-4.

Results: PAI-1 was overexpressed in the hyperplastic type 2 pneumocytes lining the honeycomb lesions of patients with IPF. The single intranasal instillation of PAI-1-siRNA resulted in the diffuse uptake of siRNA into the epithelial cells lining the dense fibrotic lesions. The repeated administration of PAI-1-siRNA initiated during either the inflammatory or the fibrotic phase into bleomycin-injured mice reduced the PAI-1 level in BAL fluid and limited the accumulation of collagen in the lungs. EMT induced by transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) in LA-4 cells was inhibited by transfection with PAI-1-siRNA.

Conclusions: The direct suppression of PAI-1 in the lung by the intrapulmonary administration of PAI-1-siRNA attenuated the development and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. The inhibition of EMT may be, at least in part, involved in this effect.
journal title
Thorax
volume
Volume 65
issue
Issue 4
start page
334
end page
340
date of issued
2010
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
issn
0040-6376
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 BMJ Publishing Group & British Thoracic Society
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science



Last 12 months's access : ? times
Last 12 months's DL: ? times


This month's access: ? times
This month's DL: ? times