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ID 29913
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title alternative
On the role of Hushu (俘囚) in the growth of Bushi (武士) : The development from Warabiteto (蕨手刀) to Japanese sword, related to the conversion of the state and military system <Symposium: Dynamics of social structure and mercenary soldiers>
creator
NDC
General history of Japan
abstract
At the war from the late 8th century to the early 9th century, a lot of Ezo (蝦夷) who was called Hushu, surrendered to Ritsuryo-koka (律令国家). Ritsuryo-koka transfered Hushu from Tohoku (東北) area to Rituryo-koka's territory, and turned them into Komin (公民) under the protection of Kokushi (国司). Komin had hostility to Hushu because Komin had to bear the cost of living for Hushu. In the 9th century, Kokushi exploited Hushu loyal to Kokushi as the military power, and oppressed the armed Komin who rose in revolt against Kokuga (国衙). Hushu was good at the tactics of horse riding and they used Warabiteto (a warped sword) . Hugoso (富豪層) took over the tactics from Fushu. In the late 9th century, Hushu rose in revolt against Kokushi to demand the usual allowance. So, the Government turned Hushu back to Tohoku area. From the late 9th century to the early 10th century, Taira-no-Takamoti (平高望), Fujiwara-no-Toshihito (藤原利仁), Fujiwara-no-Hidesato (藤原秀郷), were dispatched to suppress the revolt of Fugoso. In this battle, they improved on the Warabiteto to develop Kenukigatatati (毛抜形太刀) -Japanese sword-, which was able to innovate the tactics of horse riding. As the result, they became the earliest Bushi. Hushu played the mediate role for the birth of Bushi.
journal title
The Review of the Study of History : Shigaku Kenkyu
issue
Issue 228
start page
1
end page
25
date of issued
2000-06-30
publisher
広島史学研究会
issn
0386-9342
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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