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ID 27175
file
title alternative
Intuitive and logical understanding for probability judgment problem : Effect of instructive interventions for "three prisoners problem"
creator
Minami, Manabu
subject
intuitive probability judgment
intuitive understanding
logical understanding
three prisoners problem
NDC
Psychology
Education
abstract
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the facilitative factors for understanding "three prisoners problem (Ichikawa, 1988)". Ichikawa (1988) suggested that the difficulty of the problem arised from the conflict between the normative answer and intuitive judgment based on the subjective theorems. In his explanation, two levels of understanding were postulated. One is an intuitive understanding, and the other is a logical understanding. In this study, therefore, two different operations for facilitating these two levels of understanding were conducted. One was to ask a question supposed to guide the subjects to intuitive understanding, and the other was to explain how to solve the problem by presenting the Bayesian theorem or by presenting the isomorphic schematic representation proposed by Ichikawa (1989). The results indicated that both the guided question and the logical explanations facilitated the rated scores of understanding, and the logical explanations facilitated the percentages of correct responses in the transfer problems, whereas the guided question did not facilitate them. These findings were discussed in terms of the function of the subjective theorems in probability judgment.
journal title
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Psychology division
issue
Issue 46
start page
49
end page
57
date of issued
1998-03-13
publisher
広島大学教育学部
issn
0919-8652
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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