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ID 25797
file
title alternative
The detection of deception using the P300 of the event-related potential
creator
Kubo, Kenta
subject
detection of deception
P300
stimulus meaning
guilty knowledge test
concealed information test
NDC
Psychology
abstract
For many years, deception detection using polygraph tests has been used in criminal investigations. In particular, a technique known as guilty knowledge test (GKT) or concealed information test (CIT) has been shown to be effective in both laboratory and field settings. This test is designed to determine whether a suspect possesses crime-specific knowledge that only the perpetrator of a crime, not uninvolved people, would be expected to have. However, the central mechanism underlying this technique continues to remain unclear, because the traditional peripheral autonomic measures-such as electrodermal, heart rate, and respiratory activities-do not have sufficient response specificity. Recently, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have been expected to fill the gap between peripheral and central processes. This paper provides a brief research review of deception detection using the P300 wave of the ERP. A larger amplitude of the P300 for the critical item that only the perpetrator is aware of is taken as an index of crime-specific knowledge. Although some researchers interpreted this P300 enhancement in terms of deception-related or memory processes, available evidence suggests that stimulus meaning in a broad sense is the most critical variable for this response. Possible directions for further research are proposed.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University. I, Studies in human sciences
volume
Volume 2
start page
101
end page
114
date of issued
2007-12-31
publisher
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科
issn
1881-7688
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2006 Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University. All rights reserved.
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences
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