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ID 19867
file
title alternative
Pragmatic Development of Japanese EFL Learers: What We can See from the Cross-sectional Studies
creator
Tagashira, Kenji
Yamato, Kazuhito
NDC
English
Education
abstract
Numerous studies have strived to describe the characteristics of pragmatic ability including Japanese EFL / ESL learners. Most of them were cross-sectional studies and described only temporal characteristics of learners' pragmatic competence. Since they were not dealing with learner's pragmatic development, longitudinal studies on pragmatic ability have been called for in the field of Interlanguage Pragmatics Research. However, this trend from cross-sectional to longitudinal studies seems to be a swing of the pendulum --in other words, a dichotomous view. Some researchers do cross-sectional studies and others longitudinal. They have not interrelated or complemented with each other. In this paper, we did not look at these previous studies from the dichotomous viewpoint, but attempted to connect cross-sectional studies with longitudinal studies. First, we reviewed previous cross-sectional studies for Japanese learners and considered them as a hypothetical longitudinal study. From the hypothetical longitudinal study, we established a provisional pragmatic development of Japanese EFL / ESL learners. Secondly, we compared the provisional pragmatic development with the existing pragmatic development (Kasper & Rose, 2002) and showed its validity. Finally, we concluded that the hypothetical pragmatic development proposed in this paper will be a scaffolding to establish the pragmatic development of Japanese learners for further research.
journal title
Hiroshima Studies in Language and Language Education
issue
Issue 9
start page
155
end page
164
date of issued
2006-03-31
publisher
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
issn
1347-0892
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Institute for Foreign Language Research and Education
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