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ID 17226
file
creator
Ashikaga, Arata
Kishimoto, Akiyoshi
Hirata, Reika
Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki
Shiba, Yoshiki
subject
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
IL-8
Irsogladine maleate
gap-junctional intercellular communication
human gingival epithelial cells
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Our previous report has shown that Irsogladine maleate (IM) counters and obviates the reduction in gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and the increase in IL-8 levels, respectively, induced by outer membrane protein 29 from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). In addition, IM suppresses the increase in the secretion of IL-8 caused by whole live A. actinomycetemcomitans. These findings implicate the modulation of IL-8 levels by IM in abolishment of the reduction of GJIC in HGEC. Tight junctions are also responsible for cell-cell communication. Zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) is a major tight junction protein. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of intercellular communication mediated by IM, in the present study, we focused on the involvement of IL-8 in A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced change in GJIC and ZO-1 expression in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in levels of Connexin (CX) 43, suggesting that it could abolish the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in GJIC in HGEC. CXCR-1 is a receptor of IL-8. The simultaneous addition of A. actinomycetemcomitans and anti-CXCR-1 antibody also abrogated the repression of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans in HGEC, although the anti-CXCR-1 antibody was less effective than IM. IM inhibited the IL-8-induced reduction in CX43 levels and GJIC in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in the expression of ZO-1, although anti-CXCR-1 antibody did not influence the decrease in ZO-1 mRNA levels caused by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, IL-8 had little effect on the mRNA levels of ZO-1. These findings suggest that IL-8 mediates the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression in HGEC. The regulation of IL-8 levels by IM in HGEC is partially involved in abrogation of the reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, the regulatory effect of
journal title
Cytokine
volume
Volume 34
issue
Issue 5-6
start page
271
end page
277
date of issued
2006-06
publisher
Elsevier Ltd.
issn
1043-4666
ncid
publisher doi
pubmed id
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd.
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2006.06.002
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science



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